History, present and the future trends of team building activities
The history of team building goes back to the late 1920 and early 1930 with the Hawthorne Studies, which were conducted by Elton Mayo and Fritz Roethlisberger with the workers at the Hawthorne plant of the Western Electric Company, were part of an emphasis on socio-psychological aspects of human behavior in organizations.
In this study, good lighting was shown to increase productivity, as did a few other variables, such as having a clean workstation, allowing employees to build and work in teams, and having regular breaks. It was determined that workers increased their productivity because the presence and interest of the researchers themselves, that had a motivational effect on the workers, providing them with a sense of group identity, a feeling of social support and cohesion.
Team building became very popular in the 1970’s in the United States. There was a boom in team building activities from the mid – to late -1980s, as effectiveness of teams was increasingly recognized by human resources professionals. Today, team building activities are widely recognized as drivers of a company’s success.